Autoimmune diseases (AI)


When the immune system functions normally, it produces a response intended to protect against harmful or foreign substances like bacteria, parasites, and cancerous cells. The response may include specific immune cells and/or antibodies. Autoimmune diseases arise when the immune system produces a response against one or more of the body’s normal constituents as if they are harmful. When the immune system fails to distinguish between “self” and “non-self”, it may produce immune cells or antibodies (called autoantibodies) that target its own cells, tissues, and/or organs. Those attacks cause inflammation and tissue damage that lead to autoimmune disorders.

Reference centers

Center Country City
Azienda Sanitaria Universitaria Integrata di UDINE Italy Udine
A.S.L. Torino 2 - Hub O. Giovanni Bosco Italy Torino
AUSL-IRCCS di Reggio Emilia Italy Reggio Emilia
AO di Padova Italy Padova
Naples AOU Federico II Italy Naples
Milan Fondazione IRCCS CA'Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico Italy Milano
General Hospital of Athens "LAIKO" Greece Athens
Athens Eginitio Hospital Greece Athens
Tübingen University Clinic Germany Tübingen
Stuttgart Medius Kliniken Germany Stuttgart
Schleswig-Holstein University Clinic Germany Kiel
Dresden University Hospital Germany Dresden
Hospices Civils de Lyon (Pierre Wertheim Hospital) France Lyon
Helsinki University Hospital Finland Helsinki
Gent University Hospital Belgium Gent
Tallaght University Hospital Ireland Tallaght
Leiden University Medical Center Netherlands Leiden
Krakow University Hospital Poland Krakow
NIGRiR Warszaw Poland Warszaw
Centro Hospitalar Universitário Lisboa Norte Portugal Lisbon
Centro Hospitalar Universitário de Santo António Portugal Porto
Sant Joan de Déu & Hospital Clínic de Barcelona Spain Barcelona
Hospital Universitario La Paz Spain Madrid
Hospital Universitari i Politècnic La Fe Spain Valencia
Sahlgrenska University Hospital Sweden Göteborg
Hospital Centre of Luxembourg Luxembourg Luxembourg
Mater Dei Hospital Malta Valetta
Rigshospitalet Copenhagen University Denmark Copenhagen
Aarhus University Hospital Denmark Aarhus
University Hospital Centre Osijek Croatia Osijek
University Hospital Centre Zagreb Croatia Zagreb
Medical University Innsbruck Austria Innsbruck
Medical University Graz Austria Graz
Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos Lithuania Vilnius
Pauls Stradins Clinical University Hospital Latvia Riga
Karolinska University Hospital Sweden Stockholm
Erasmus University Medical Center Netherlands Rotterdam
UMC Groningen Netherlands Groningen
Foundation IRCCS Polyclinic San Matteo Italy Pavia
CHRU Strasbourg France Strasbourg
Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Bicêtre France Paris
Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Cochin France Paris
University Hospital Leuven Belgium Leuven
General University Hospital in Prague Czech Rep. Prague
Great Ormond Street / Royal Free Hospitals* UK London
The Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust* UK Leeds