Autoimmune diseases (AI)


When the immune system functions normally, it produces a response intended to protect against harmful or foreign substances like bacteria, parasites, and cancerous cells. The response may include specific immune cells and/or antibodies. Autoimmune diseases arise when the immune system produces a response against one or more of the body’s normal constituents as if they are harmful. When the immune system fails to distinguish between “self” and “non-self”, it may produce immune cells or antibodies (called autoantibodies) that target its own cells, tissues, and/or organs. Those attacks cause inflammation and tissue damage that lead to autoimmune disorders.

Reference centers

Center Country City    
Great Ormond Street / Royal Free Hospitals* UK London Adult unit Paediatric unit
The Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust* UK Leeds Adult unit
Erasmus University Medical Center Netherlands Rotterdam Adult unit Paediatric unit
UMC Groningen Netherlands Groningen Adult unit
Foundation IRCCS Polyclinic San Matteo Italy Pavia Adult unit
CHRU Strasbourg France Strasbourg Adult unit
Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Bicêtre France Paris Adult unit Paediatric unit
Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Cochin France Paris Adult unit
University Hospital Leuven Belgium Leuven Adult unit Paediatric unit
General University Hospital in Prague Czech Rep. Prague Adult unit Paediatric unit